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Budgetspex Useful Information

Terms and Conditions

Terms and Conditions General Terms

Terms and Conditions General Terms

The terms and conditions stipulated on this website do not in any way affect your statutory rights as a consumer.

  • All goods on this website are sold subject to availability.
  • All frames conform to CE standards and skilled technicians carry out all work.
  • Prescriptions must be supplied by a registered Ophthalmic Optician and must be current i.e. ( your last eye test within the last two years )
  • Budgetspex cannot supply spectacles to children under the age of sixteen or anyone who is registered as blind or partially sighted.
  • Budgetspex will not accept any order where the cylinder value added to the sphere value in either eye exceeds 10.00 plus or 10.00 minus.
  • At Budgetspex we are so proud of our products we offer a no quibble guarantee on all frames and services.
  • The sale of goods from this website is not restricted to the United Kingdom.
  • Budgetspex Limited UK (Company No: 5397608) whose registered office is at

 

  • Head Office
  • 8 Baird House, Second Avenue
  • Pensett Trading Estate
  • Kingswinford
  • West Midlands
  • DY6 7YA
  • United Kingdom

Telephone: 0121 501 1106

Customer Support

Our UK support staff offer full support for the full guaranteed product life.
When you purchase a product from Budgetspex, you’re buying a product backed by our full commitment to you.
Every Budgetspex product is backed by a full 12 months warranty and in the unlikely event that something goes wrong you can be assured that Budgetspex will help in any possible way to restore satisfaction.

Ring Us

Call our support team on 0121 501 1106 during UK business hours Mon - Fri ( Excluding Bank Holidays )

Call Back

Or leave a call back message via the link on our home page.

 

Replacement Frames

If you’ve broken a frame, you may reorder a replacement frame directly from the website, if it’s still available in the inventory.

To order, click on the "Frame Only" check-box in the purchase page.

In most instances, lens replacement  is very simple. If you are not comfortable with replacing the lenses in a frame, most local optical outlets will perform this service for a nominal charge.

Returns

Returns must  be accompanied by the original order number and date with a short note stating the reason for the return, and a copy of the prescription.

The product must be returned in it's entirety, in the case in which they were initially shipped if appropriate, and they must be received within twenty eight days of the initial shipment date.

No Quibble

If the glasses are being returned because they do not appeal to the customer, for any reason, a full refund ( Minus any lens upgrade costs and postage ) will be made so long as  the glasses arrive back with us within a twenty eight day period.

For this reason we strongly suggest that you first try the frame with stock 1.50 index single vision lenses.

Glasses returned after the expiration of the twenty eight day returns warranty period will not be refunded in any amount, and no further consideration will be due.
 

Most of the frame and accessory products sold are held in stock or can be supplied within two days, however, if a product purchased online is no longer available a full refund will be made.

 

Distance Selling Regulations Exceptions

 

Exceptions to the right to cancel Section 13 :- 

(1) Unless the parties have agreed otherwise, the consumer will not have the right to cancel the contract by giving notice of cancellation pursuant to regulation 10 in respect of contracts :-

(a)for the supply of services if the supplier has complied with regulation 8(3) and performance of the contract has begun with the consumer’s agreement before the end of the cancellation period applicable under regulation 12;

(b) for the supply of goods or services the price of which is dependent on fluctuations in the financial market which cannot be controlled by the supplier;

(c) for the supply of goods made to the consumer’s specifications or clearly personalised or which by reason of their nature cannot be returned or are liable to deteriorate or expire rapidly;

(d) for the supply of audio or video recordings or computer software if they are unsealed by the consumer;

(e) for the supply of newspapers, periodicals or magazines; or

(f) for gaming, betting or lottery services.

 

Source    http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2000/2334/regulation/13/made

 

Goods And Services

  • All goods are as described on this website, no changes will be made other than changes in frame manufacture outside our control.
  • The goods will match the prescription supplied by you, and will have an average PD of 63mm unless otherwise stated.
  • Our standard lenses are plastic resin supplied from stock.
  • Budgetspex can now supply both Bifocals and Varifocals, providing the Click and Measure system has been used to measure correct lens positioning within your chosen frame.
  • Please inspect your glasses on arrival if they are damaged please contact
  • Budgetspex on our consumer line 0121 501 1106 or email us at info@budgetspex.com Please make subject line start with GLASSES.
  • The sale of goods from this website is not restricted to the United Kingdom.
  • Please allow 28 days for delivery.
  • Rimless and Semi Rimless frames are governed by CE regulations regarding edge thickness for stability. All thickness will be optimized to meet these regulations, refractive index will remain as ordered.
  • We will not accept any order where the cylinder value added to the sphere value in either eye exceeds 10.00 plus or 10.00 minus.

Data Protection

  • Budgetspex keeps no personal data other than a copy of your order/invoice and we will ensure that all our employees comply with the provisions of the Data Protection Act 1998.
  • Please read these terms and conditions carefully before you place your order as they are binding.
  • If you have any queries regarding these terms and conditions please contact us before you place your order at info@budgetspex.com.


How to prepare to use the Click n Measure pupillary measurement system

Click n Measure

How to prepare to use the Click n Measure pupillary measurement system

To Click and Measure your PUPILLARY DISTANCE and see a VIRTUAL DISPLAY of your chosen frame online.

You will need the need the use of a digital camera with the ability to transfer the images to your computer.
If you already wear glasses you will have to remove them for the photograph.

Step 1

Using a white card or a stiff envelope at least 12cm wide mark 2 dots across the top edge exactly 10cm apart

Step 2

Hold the envelope horizontally against your chin as shown

Step 3

Take your photograph and transfer it to your computer

Step 4

Use the browse button to locate the image on your computer and upload the image to our secure server. (once loaded correctly a thumbnail will appear)
It may take a few minutes to load depending on your connection speed and image size.
As you can see on the right hand drawing, the calibration card should be held against your chin, in the same plane as your eyes.


information_click-n-measure_infoimage2.jpg

Handling of Spectacles

How to care for your new glasses

A few tips to keep your glasses in good order.

  • When not in use always keep your glasses in a hard protective case and make certain the case is large enough.
  • When placing the spectacles on the face use both hands as uneaven handling may cause stress to one side of the frame. This is especially critical for rimless and semi rimless styles as the lenses may break under uneaven stress.
  • Always seek professional assistance if your glasses become twisted and uncomfortable.
  • Keep your lenses free from grease and dirt by gently wiping the lenses with a soft lens cloth, one drop of washing up liquid mixed with a third of a pint of warm water makes a good degreasant. Dry with a soft tissue.
  • Never place your glasses face down on a book or newspaper as some low quality paper such as that used in newspaper is quite abrasive and may easily scratch your lenses.
  • If grit, sand or sawdust has found it's way onto your lenses wash your lenses under running water before attempting to wipe clean.
  • Should your glasses need repair it is inadviseable to use any kind of glue as a tempory measure, find your nearest optical professional and seek a permanent repair. Many adhesives will make a professional repair very difficult or even impossible to do.

These mainly commonsense rules when followed should give your eyewear a good long life.



Hard Coated Lenses

Hard Coated Lenses

Scratch-Resistant Coating

At present there is no lens or coating available that is scratch proof, there is however a surface coating that is much more scratch resistant than the lens material.

Hard coated lenses that are treated front and back with a clear, scratch-resistant coating have a much harder surface that is more resistant to scratching, whether from dropping your glasses on the floor or occasionally cleaning them with a paper towel.

Incidentaly paper is quite abrasive, especially news paper, so it is unwise to leave your new spectacles face down on a newspaper or magazine.

Lenses supplied to children, especially, benefit from a scratch-resistant hard coat for greater durability.

Today, most eyeglass lenses, including high-index lenses and lenses made of polycarbonate and Trivex, have a scratch-resistant coating applied as standard as the lenses would be unhandleable in their raw state.

Keep in mind that even the best scratch-resistant coating can't completely protect your lenses from wear and tear. To keep your glasses looking new, store them in a protective cushioned case when not in use, and clean your lenses with a microfiber cloth.

Be aware that polycarbonate lenses although very strong are easily damaged by chemicals such as alcohol and acetone, you will need to be very carefull when buying proprietry lens cleaning sprays because some contain IPA and will most likely cause crazing or cracking of polycarbonate lenses.

Also, be wary of products that promise to repair scratched lenses. These products attempt to fill in the scratches, but it is impossible for them to make the scratches disappear so the lenses look new again.



Results

Results

Results

To the right is a comparison featuring a model wearing Okia C-223s blue and a "Click and Measure" Overlay wearing the same model frame.
As you can see using this feature lets you see how the frame looks and fits your face, the Click and Measure system also allows you to accurately measure your pupillary distance ( the exact distance between your pupils "PD" ) offering you absolutely optimum vision, and if that isn' t enough you can also measure yourself within your chosen frame for bifocal and varifocals.
All instructions for use are displayed on screen during the process.



1.50 CR39 Plastic

Cr39 1.50 Index

1.50 CR39 Plastic

Standard Lens

  • Our standard lenses are single vision 1.50 index Cr 39 plastic resin they are adequate for most people.
  • They are made exactly to your prescription and are suitable for general wear.
  • Our standard basic range is up to +/-6.00 sphere and cylinder combined with a maximum of +/- 2.00 CYL without any PRISM and is included with any optical frame.
  • We can supply up to a +/-10.00 sphere and cylinder combined with a maximum of +/- 4.00 CYL and/or including PRISM, you must first enter your prescription for the option and prices to be available.
  • Cr39 1.50 index plastic lenses have been widely used for many years now, these lenses can be tinted from the very pale fashion shades right up to deep dark sunglass shades.
  • Lenses can also be hard coated to reduce scratching and antireflection coated to reduce internal surface reflections, improving the clarity of vision.
  • The only real drawback is with higher powers where the lens thickness can be poor cosmetically, in these situations a higher index lens material is recommended.


Buy Online

Buy Online

Buy Online

With such high prices in the high street you may wonder where the money all goes.

The largest single overhead will be wages, even the smallest practice needs one receptionist, one dispensing optician and one ophthalmic optician.

Premises are also costly when combined with buisness and retail rates, then there is fixtures , fittings and stock.

All in all a very expensive business, and who pays the piper? well of course you the client.

When a high street practice may only see a handfull of clients each day, each and every one has to cough up a proportion of the overheads.

Thats why spectacles can cost as much as a second hand car.

Thats where we come in, no receptionist, no high paid ophthalmic optician and no high street premises with associated rates.

We can beat the high street prices by  70 per cent or more and still provide exactly the same product.



Distance Selling Regulations

Distance Selling Regulations Exceptions

Distance Selling Regulations Exceptions

Exceptions to the right to cancel

  • 13 :-  (1) Unless the parties have agreed otherwise, the consumer will not have the right to cancel the contract by giving notice of cancellation pursuant to regulation 10 in respect of contracts :-
  • (a)for the supply of services if the supplier has complied with regulation 8(3) and performance of the contract has begun with the consumer’s agreement before the end of the cancellation period applicable under regulation 12;
  • (b)for the supply of goods or services the price of which is dependent on fluctuations in the financial market which cannot be controlled by the supplier;
  • (c)for the supply of goods made to the consumer’s specifications or clearly personalised or which by reason of their nature cannot be returned or are liable to deteriorate or expire rapidly;
  • (d)for the supply of audio or video recordings or computer software if they are unsealed by the consumer;
  • (e)for the supply of newspapers, periodicals or magazines; or
  • (f)for gaming, betting or lottery services.


Quality and Value

Quality and Value

Quality and Value

  • Our spectacle frames are selected for quality and value and are constantly reveiwed, we listen to our customers and act only in their best interest.
  • Here at Budgetspex our technical staff have many years of spectacle making experience. Our quality is unquestionable.In fact our products are sold in Opticians shops all over the Uk every day of the week.
  • Budgetspex for Transitions, Polarised glasses, Antireflection coated glasses, Polycarbonate, Lens tints, Thin lenses, High index lenses, 1.74 index, 1.67 index, 1.6 index, Trivex, Glasses frames, Discount glasses, Low cost glasses, Polarized glasses, Glasses accessories


Rimless Spectacles

Rimless Spectacles

Rimless Spectacles

  • Rimless eyeglass frames have been around for years, but have recently been rediscovered, and are now featured by many of the top designer eyewear brands.
  • Rimless glasses have very little frame material, and usually no frame around the rim of the lens, so the glasses seem to barely visible on the face.
  • Rimless glasses of all the frame designs, reveal more of your natural looks.
  • Rimless glasses are delicate, lightweight and gracefull, regular spectacle frames cannot match this...............
  • Rimless eyeglass frames are available in many different shapes, sizes, colors, and styles.
  • You can use our frame search function to search for the specific features you want: rimless plastic, rimless metal, rimless titanium and frame brand.
  • Rimless eyeglasses are available with standard hinges, sprung hinges and hingeless..........
  • Rimless glasses frames are a little more expensive than full rimmed glasses because it is more time consuming and complicated to mount prescription lenses into rimless glasses....................
  • If you don't want to make a fashion statement with your spectacles, and want them to be as inconspicuous as possible.You must try rimless frames there are so many styles and shapes available you are sure to find the right choice..............
  • More and more of our top celebrities wear rimless glasses, showing off their looks and taste.................


The History Of Spectacles

The History Of Spectacles

The History Of Spectacles

The first recorded use of a corrective lens was by the emperor Nero, who was known to watch the gladiatorial games using an emerald.Sunglasses were first used in China in the 12th century or possibly earlier.

The lenses of these glasses were flat panes of smoky quartz, which offered no corrective powers but did protect the eyes from glare. Glasses first began to appear in common use in northern Italy late in the 13th century; most likely in the late 1280s.

It is not clear when the technology was invented.

It has been said that Marco Polo reported seeing many pairs of glasses in China as early as 1275.

In 1676, Franciscus Redi, a professor of medicine at the University of Pisa, wrote that he possessed a 1289 manuscript whose author complains that he would be unable to read or write were it not for the recent invention of glasses, and a record of a sermon given in 1305, in which the speaker, a Dominican monk named Fra Giordano da Rivalto, remarked that glasses had been invented less than twenty years previously, and that he had met the inventor.

Based on this evidence, Redi credited another Dominican monk, Fra Alessandro da Spina of Pisa, with the re-invention of glasses after their original inventor kept them a secret, a claim contained in da Spina's obituary record.In 1738, a Florentine historian named Domenico Manni reported that a tombstone in Florence credited one Salvino d'Armato (died 1317) with the invention of glasses.

Other stories, possibly legendary, credit Roger Bacon with the invention.

Bacon's published writings describe the magnifying glass (which he did not invent), but make no mention of glasses.

His treatise De iride (On the Rainbow), which was written while he was a student of Robert Grosseteste, no later than 1235, mentions using optics to read the smallest letters at incredible distances.

These early spectacles had convex lenses that could correct the presbyopia (farsightedness) that commonly develops as a symptom of aging.

Nicholas of Cusa is believed to have discovered the benefits of concave lens in the treatment of myopia (nearsightedness).

However, it was not until 1604 that Johannes Kepler published in his treatise on optics and astronomy, the first correct explanation as to why convex and concave lenses could correct presbyopia and myopia.

The American scientist Benjamin Franklin, who suffered from both myopia and presbyopia, invented bifocals in 1784 to avoid having to regularly switch between two pairs of glasses.

The first lenses for correcting astigmatism were constructed by the British astronomer George Airy in 1827.

Over time, the construction of spectacle frames also evolved.

Early eyepieces were designed to be either held in place by hand or by exerting pressure on the nose (pince-nez).

Girolamo Savonarola suggested that eyepieces could be held in place by a ribbon passed over the wearer's head, this in turn secured by the weight of a hat.

The modern style of glasses, held by temples passing over the ears, was developed in 1727 by the British optician Edward Scarlett.

These designs were not immediately successful, however, and various styles with attached handles such as scissors glasses and lorgnettes remained fashionable throughout the 18th and into the early 19th century.

In the early 20th century, Moritz von Rohr at Zeiss (with the assistance of H. Boegehold and A. Sonnefeld, developed the Zeiss Punktal spherical point-focus lenses that dominated the eyeglass lens field for many years.

Despite the increasing popularity of contact lenses and laser corrective eye surgery, glasses remain very common and their technology has not stood still.

For instance, it is now possible to purchase frames made of special memory metal alloys that return to their correct shape after being bent.

Other frames have spring-loaded hinges.

Either of these designs offers dramatically better ability to withstand the stresses of daily wear and the occasional accident.

Modern frames are also often made from strong, light-weight materials such as titanium alloys, which were not available in earlier times.



Hard Coated Lenses

Hard Coated Lenses

Scratch-Resistant Coating

At present there is no lens or coating available that is scratch proof, there is however a surface coating that is much more scratch resistant than the lens material.

Hard coated lenses that are treated front and back with a clear, scratch-resistant coating have a much harder surface that is more resistant to scratching, whether from dropping your glasses on the floor or occasionally cleaning them with a paper towel.

Incidentaly paper is quite abrasive, especially news paper, so it is unwise to leave your new spectacles face down on a newspaper or magazine.

Lenses supplied to children, especially, benefit from a scratch-resistant hard coat for greater durability.

Today, most eyeglass lenses, including high-index lenses and lenses made of polycarbonate and Trivex, have a scratch-resistant coating applied as standard as the lenses would be unhandleable in their raw state.

Keep in mind that even the best scratch-resistant coating can't completely protect your lenses from wear and tear. To keep your glasses looking new, store them in a protective cushioned case when not in use, and clean your lenses with a microfiber cloth.

Be aware that polycarbonate lenses although very strong are easily damaged by chemicals such as alcohol and acetone, you will need to be very carefull when buying proprietry lens cleaning sprays because some contain IPA and will most likely cause crazing or cracking of polycarbonate lenses.

Also, be wary of products that promise to repair scratched lenses. These products attempt to fill in the scratches, but it is impossible for them to make the scratches disappear so the lenses look new again.



Mirror Coatings

Mirror Coatings

Metalic Coatings
  • Full mirror coating is effectively a two way mirror, you can see out but no one can see in.
  • Mirror coatings are mainly use on sunglasses " they help reduce glare " and sports goggles for the same reason.
  • They are available in a number of full mirror and semi mirror "Flash" varieties, Silver, Gold, Gunmetal, Red, Blue and Green.
  • Flash mirror coatings do not reflect as much light as full mirror coatings and leave the eyes partially visible.


Multi Antireflection Coatings

Multi Antireflection Coatings

Multi Antireflection Coatings

  • Multi Antireflection Coatings incorporate several layers of mineral deposits, which usually are applied to both lens surfaces.
  • The various manufacturers and Anti Reflection coating companies determine the number of layers applied to each surface for their own brands.
  • They help reduce glare for clearer viewing, which means less eyestrain and fatigue for the wearer.
  • They also improve eye contact by eliminating reflections from the lens surface.
  • Multi Antireflection Coatings also reduce the appearance of the concentric ring effect on high-minus lenses.
  • An uncoated lens loses around 15% of available light due to unwanted reflections. 
  • In low light conditions such as when driving at night, this can make a very noticeable difference.
  • In bright conditions uncoated lenses can increase glare.
  • If you are very short sighted "Myopic" and have a high prescription you might like to consider investing in thinner lenses, there is little point opting for thinner lenses without an antireflection coating as the coating minimises the Newtons ring effect present in high minus lenses.


Sports Filter Tints

Sports Filter Tints

Sports Filter Tints

  • Due to their specific light frequency absorption and areas of transmittance, these specialized tints increase visual acuity for the sports participant and spectator.
  • Ski Tint™ absorbs light in the ultraviolet region as well as the blue and violet from the snow and sky.
  • The light frequency absorption of the Golf Tint™ was specially designed to increase contrast against the sky .
  • Sport Tint™ was designed for heightened contrast ability.
  • Tennis Tint™ absorbs blue, highlighting the ball and increasing contrast and visibility against background colours.
  • Skeet Tint™ is for the expert who wants to increase his skill when shooting.


Ch 1 PPG's Patented CR39 monomer.

All Cr39 lenses originate with PPG's Patented CR39 monomer.

All Cr39 lenses originate with PPG's Patented CR39 monomer.

By the time World War II began, the plastics revolution was already well underway.

Polystyrene resins had been produced commercially since 1937 and nylon, the first high performanceengineering plastic, was also a product of the 1930’s.

As the war began,both the Allies and the Axis powers faced severe shortages of natural raw materials.

The plastics industry turned out to be a rich source of acceptable substitutes, realization of this fact led to concentrated efforts by industry to develop other new plastics.



Ch 2 PPG Industries

PPG Industries

PPG Industries – known as Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company until 1965 – began searching for a way to create an allyl resin with low-pressure thermosetting properties,Rohm &Haas had already developed Plexiglas® resin and DuPont had invented Lucite® resin,both thermoplastic materials.

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. owned a subsidiary company in Barberton, Ohio called Columbia Southern Chemical Company where a research team was assigned responsibility for investigating clear resins.

They called this project “Columbia Resins”.

The team isolated compounds and identified them by code numbers, by May 1940, one of the compounds showed real promise.

This particular resin was an allyl diglycolcarbonate (ADC) monomer that Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. trademarked under the material’s batch name – CR-39™.



Ch 3 The 39th Compound

The 39th Compound

The 39th Compound

The 39th attempt was the most promising because it offered unique characteristics.

Among them was the fact that the resin could be combined with multiple layers of cloth, paper and other materials to produce exceptionally strong laminated products capable of being molded into a variety of reinforced shapes.

This discovery marked the beginning of what would come to be a major new industry called “reinforced plastics”.

The first commercial use for CR-39 monomer involved combining the resin with fiberglass to form a molded fuel tank for the B-17 bomber.

Fuel tanks were molded of materials laminated with CR-39 resin and lined with special rubber compound that became self-sealing when the tank was pierced by bullets or shell fragments.

Replacing conventional fuel tanks with tanks laminated using CR-39 resin made it possible to greatly reduce the plane’s weight, extending the bomber’s range and contributing substantially to the war effort.

Another innovative use for CR-39 resin in aircraft was production of transparent tubes embedded in fuel lines running through the flight engineers’ compartment, providing the crew a visible gage to indicate fuel flow to each engine.

These tubes made of CR-39 resin replaced glass tubes which often shattered during combat, spraying gasoline throughout the cockpit.

There was also some minor use of CR-39 resin for making lenses during the war, but the lenses produced were a half to three quarter inches thick and primarily used for reflector and searchlight applications.



Ch 4 The War Ends

The War Ends

The War Ends

When the war ended in 1945, all government contracts were cancelled and Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co.’s Barberton plant ended up with a railroad tank car full of CR-39 resin, all that was left from wartime production.

The 38,000 pounds of resin remaining in the tank car represented a costly investment for the company, so a search was launched for markets that could use it. CR-39 resin remains a liquid until a catalyst is added, but eventually will harden on its own. In the early days, no one knew how long that selfcuring process would take.

They did know that when it happened, instead of an expensive railroad tank car, they would end up with a useless steel encased slab of plastic.



Ch 5 The Search for Peacetime Uses

The Search for Peacetime Uses

The Search for Peacetime Uses

A variety of industries were contacted in a search to find customers for the leftover CR-39 resin.

The ophthalmic industry indicated some initial interest, particularly because of the material’s resistance to impact.

One company "Univis Lens Company " was interested enough to set up a special research department to try to develop plastic eyeglass lenses.

Univis was a leading lens producer investing large sums in an attempt to produce plastic lenses from CR-39 resin.

Eventually, they abandoned the project, but following successful production of plastic lenses by Armorlite, SOLA and Essilor, Univis eventually became a major plastic lens producer.

Until 1960-61, PPG’s primary CR-39 resin sales were for flat sheet applications.

These sheets of transparent plastic were used for personal safety equipment and clothing such as welding helmets, industrial goggles, gas masks, etc.

Another widespread use during postwar years was for windshields of industrial crane cabs and other vehicles used in industrial plants.

As the optical industry gradually learned how to cast lenses from CR-39 resin, and how to edge and surface these new lenses, sales to the optical industry grew slowly but steadily until 1975 when more than 90 percent of PPG’s CR-39 resin sales were to the optical trade. In 1975, PPG predicted that plastic lenses, at that time representing 15 percent of all eyewear in the U.S,  would grow to 30 percent by 1978.

Today, plastic lenses represent more than 80 percent of the U.S. market.

PPG employees who tried to sell the contents of that tank car full of CR-39 resin in 1946 uncovered two important facts, firstly CR-39 monomer was remarkably stable with an amazingly long shelf life, the solidifying they feared never came to pass and secondly, there was indeed a viable market for a stable, transparent, impact-resistant material for producing spectacle lenses.

About the Author

Joseph L. Bruneni (1925-2004) was the author of “LOOKING BACK, an illustrated history of the American Ophthalmic Industry,” a hard cover book published in 1994 and still in print. He was a frequent contributor to most of the major optical trade publications and wrote regularly-appearing columns in a number of them. He served as a special consultant to the Optical Laboratories Association (OLA), was a member of the Ocular Heritage Society and served as an assistant professor teaching ophthalmic optics at the Southern California College of Optometry.

CR-39 (Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off.) is a trademark of PPG Industries, Inc.



Ch 6 The Sola Optical Story

The Sola Optical Story

Marketing Lenses with CR-39™ Resin The Sola Optical Story

To establish plastic lenses as a viable alternative to glass, SOLA Optical  first had to convince eyecare professionals in Australia.

One of the early marketing promotions the company implemented was making thousands of clip-on sunglasses with plano lenses and building them into batches of five.

These bundles were shipped to hundreds of opticians and optometrists throughout Australia.

One pair was free, and the other four were billed at a special low price.

The end result was a steadily growing acceptance of lenses with CR-39 resin in Australia.

SOLA Optical soon realized that, as big as Australia was, the Australian market could not support the kind of manufacturing plant they envisioned for themselves.

As a result, they focused on export sales, expanding to Japan, the United Kingdom, Italy, Brazil, and finally, the United States in 1975.

At this time, the U.S. lens market was still dominated by glass lenses, representing 70 percent of the market.

As a result, SOLA’s marketing efforts during the ‘70s were devoted to aggressively converting the market to lighter, more impact-resistant lenses.

By 1983, the U.S. market was over 50 percent plastic and by 1992, more than 80 percent.



Ch 7 Essilor International and CR-39 Resin

Essilor International and CR-39 Resin

Essilor International and CR-39 Resin

Georges Lissac, founder of the Lissac Company in 1931, later created SIL (Societe Industrielle de Lunetterie) in 1946 and a separate company, LOS (Lentilles Ophtalmiques Speciales), in 1948.

These two companies included frame and lens research and development, manufacturing and distribution operations.

Rene Grandperret, with LOS, developed an early interest in plastic lenses, dating back to the late 1940’s. In 1952, LOS introduced the ORMA® 500 lens made from Plexiglas® resin, marking the beginning of plastic spectacle lenses in France.

Lenses made from Plexiglas® resin were only marginally successful because of the familiar problem of scratching. LOS eventually found what they decided was the ideal resin in the United States and began experimenting with PPG’s CR-39 monomer.

After years of continuing research, LOS eventually mastered the difficulties of casting lenses from CR-39 monomer and introduced the ORMA® 1000 lens with CR-39 resin in 1956.

This lens was patented and introduced worldwide in 1959. In 1969, Lissac formed a French company from existing business divisions with the now familiar name of Silor.

Eventually, Silor merged with Essel, another significant French ophthalmic company, to become Essilor International.



Ch 8 Plastic Lenses

Plastic Lenses

Plastic

Lissac’s early attempts at producing plastic lenses were with Plexiglas® resin cast in molds instead of using heat compression.

The lenses were reasonably impact-resistant but very susceptible to scratching and yellowing with age.

These early plastic lenses, called ORMA® 500 lenses, were used primarily for children.

One day, Lissac’s Grandperret received a transparent sheet that seemed to have interesting mechanical and optical properties.

The material had good transparency and resistance to scratching 40 times that of Plexiglas® resin.

The commercial name was Homalite®, and it was made of CR-39 resin.

In l953, Grandperret ordered a half liter of CR-39® resin for experiments.

Many production methods for casting lenses with CR-39 resin were tried.

One involved partially polymerizing the lens and removing it from the mold to continue polymerization in a large pan.

Later, polymerization in the mold was tried.

General consensus deemed that molding lenses with CR-39 resin would never be adaptable to bifocals.

By this time, both the English and the French were convinced that the ultimate answer would be a lens made of Plexiglas® resin covered with a veneer of CR-39 resin for scratch protection.

Grandperret tried a radiochemical process for linking Plexiglas® and CR-39 resins, but the resulting lenses were unsatisfactory.



Ch 9 Optical Laboratories and CR-39 Resin

Optical Laboratories and CR-39 Resin

Optical Laboratories and CR-39 Resin

Converting lens production from glass lenses to casting lenses from CR-39 monomer involved a variety of new technologies, equipment and skills for lens manufacturers.

For a number of years, most lens manufacturers maintained two diversely different production lines, one for glass and one for plastic. 

As lenses made from CR-39 resin came to dominate the market, lens manufacturers began dropping out of the glass market altogether.

This changing market impacted optical laboratories in even more dramatic ways.

At the time that Armorlite began producing lenses made from CR-39 resin, no labs had the ability to surface plastic lenses.

They learned to edge plastic lenses, but they had no experience with grinding and polishing them.

Armorlite, the first successful manufacturer of plastic lenses, eventually set up a surfacing laboratory to provide practitioners with surfaced lenses.

They were convinced this was the only way they could create a market for their new plastic lenses.

By now, laboratories began to receive occasional orders for post-cataract lenses made from CR-39 resin.

It seemed obvious that labs would eventually have to surface this new material.

As it turned out, the role of convincing and teaching labs to process lenses with CR-39 resin fell in the unlikely hands of a World War II pilot named Forbes Robertson who was hired to Armorlite in 1959 to sell lenses.

Robertson was convinced that the only way to build national demand for lenses made from CR-39 resin was to get labs surfacing plastic lenses as quickly as possible.

Among the first companies to take up plastic surfacing at Robertson’s urging were Uhlemann Optical, Boll & Lewis and White Haines, and Opti-Craft. Opti-Craft soon became Armorlite’s best customer.

Their sales efforts, in effect, opened up the whole West Coast for Armorlite.

Other wholesale laboratories began surfacing plastic lenses in the hopes of salvaging business they were losing to Opti-Craft.

Aggressive labs across the country began experimenting, trying any way they could think of to surface plastic.

Most surfacing problems were created because labs wanted to process plastic the way they did glass.

Surfacing blocks were small in diameter and designed for glass, offering no support beyond the center of the lens.

Plastic lenses flexed during surfacing, creating multiple waves and distortion. Eventually, Coburn Optical – producer of surfacing equipment – came out with larger blocks and eliminated one cause of distortion.

Robertson was convinced that plastic lenses would only succeed if labs cold process them on equipment they already owned.

The problem came in convincing labs that to do this, they had to completely clean the existing equipment and maintain a degree of cleanliness they weren’t used to.

Another issue was that heat created problems when surfacing plastic.

Air-conditioned labs were comparatively rare at that time, and Robertson continually urged that plastic production lines had to be air-conditioned.

Eventually, this was accepted, and experienced labs began to process glass and plastic on separate production lines with air conditioning for the plastic line.



Ch 10 The Fate of Glass

The Fate of Glass

The Fate of Glass

Initially, labs concentrated their plastic production on producing post-cataract lenses.

Plastic lenses were too new and too prone to scratching for most patients, but with post-cataract patients, it was a different story.

During that period before the development of inter-ocular lenses, two factors made lenses cast from CR-39 resin an ideal lens for post-cataract patients.

The first was weight.

Strong plus lenses of 10 to 14 diopters were extremely heavy when made up in glass.

The second factor was the recent development of sophisticated aspheric post-cataract design that proved extremely difficult and costly to produce in glass.

A good set of glass molds, however, could replicate the most sophisticated aspheric curves over and over in CR-39 resin.

It was comparatively easy for labs to convince doctors and consumers of the advantages of lightweight plastic lenses for cataract patients.

Expertise gained with cataract lenses helped establish plastic lenses for all patients.

The fate of glass lenses was largely sealed when the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decreed in 1972 that all glass lenses sold in the United States would have to be a minimum of 2.2 mm at their thinnest point, be heat-treated or chemically tempered and pass a drop ball test performed by the lab or the person edging the lenses.

Previously, most glass lenses had centers or edges well under 1.5mm.

This new ruling effectively meant that glass lenses would be 30 to 50 percent heavier than in the past.

This couldn’t have happened at a worse time for glass because frame styles were just starting to grow in size.

These factors effectively combined to give lenses made from CR-39 monomer the boost that would ultimately make CR-39 resin the dominant lens material in the United States.

The rest, as they say, is history.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin

Photochromic Plastic

Almost from the day photochromic glass lenses were first introduced, lens manufacturers received requests for a photochromic lens made in a lightweight plastic.

During the entire fifty years CR-39™ resin has been used for ophthalmic lenses, PPG researchers have continually searched for ways to increase its versatility.

The most dramatic result of this continuing research was the development of an effective photochromic process based on a variation of CR-39 resin called CR-307™ monomer.

The story of how Transitions® lenses evolved is best told in timeline fashion, beginning in 1973.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1973

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1973

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1973

The first reported work on photochromics by PPG takes place at the company’s Barberton Technical Center in 1973.

From then until 1980, photochromic research and development became part of a number of different CR-39 monomer projects.

Efforts remained comparatively low-key, and no synthesis of new compounds was involved.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1981

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1981

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1981

American Optical introduces their Photolite lens.

The industry excitement prompted by this product release galvanized the scientists at PPG into another flurry of photochromic research. The lens turns out to be a commercial failure because of poor properties, short lifetime and an unattractive blue color.

An new specialist with a background in photochromics is added to PPG’s staff, and synthesis of new photochromics combined with testing of known photochromics in matrix from CR-39 monomer begins.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1983 – Pyridobenzoxazines

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1983 – Pyridobenzoxazines

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1983 – Pyridobenzoxazines

This year is a photochromic milestone because of the discovery of a new family of photochromics called pyridobenzoxazines.

This year also marks the discovery of the unique imbibition process for incorporating photochromic properties in polymers and copolymers made from CR-39 monomer.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1984

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1984

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1984

PPG starts a joint venture with Intercast-Europe to manufacture and sell photochromic sunlenses called Attiva.

These are still manufactured by Intercast, using PPG’s blue photochromics.

Research in this technology continued, and in 1985, production of Attiva lenses reached 3,150 per day.

In 1986, marketing of the Visenza lens, an all-PPG venture, begins.

A variety of prototype lens systems were produced and tested on PPG employees and consumers during the next three years.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1986 – Transitions

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1986 – Transitions

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1986 – Transitions

PPG authorizes $1 million for testing the technical and marketing feasibility of plastic photochromic lenses.

Between July 1987 and May 1988, the company assesses the acceptance of prototype lens systems through employee and consumer use tests.

In the fall of 1987, 30 persons wear the lenses for one month.

A typical comment about those primitive lenses comes from one wearer, “They worked pretty well…could get a lot darker, and, boy, are they an ugly yellow in the bleached state.”

In 1988, a pair is given to another employee to wear on a trip to Hawaii. His comment, “If you can’t make them get any darker, you’re out of business.” Additional consumer-use tests are conducted in Minneapolis, Miami and San Diego, and gradually, the responses improve.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1988

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1988

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1988

On May 1, PPG gives the go-ahead to proceed to the next step, which consists of setting up test markets for the new photochromic lenses in Vermont and southern New Hampshire.

This is considered a milestone by the company’s ophthalmic photochromics group.

Later, additional test markets are established in Memphis and Pittsburgh.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1990

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1990

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1990

Substantial progress is made, and by 1990, Transitions Optical Inc. (TOI) is formed and a manufacturing facility established in Pinellas Park, FL, for producing photochromic lenses.

By this time, PPG invested more than $8.5 million in developing the new Transitions photochromic lens.

To firm up the industry’s shaky confidence in such a new technology, TOI offers a patient satisfaction guarantee on their new lenses. During the first three years of distribution, return rates run less than one percent.

Other plastic photochromic lenses have been introduced, but none have enjoyed the success of Transitions comfort lenses, dating back to their introduction in 1990.

Transitions® lenses are made of a lightweight polymer, similar to CR-39 resin.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1992

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1992

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1992

The first Transitions lenses formulation is replaced by the new Transitions Plus lens.

This second generation provides greater activation speed, darkening more and faster than the original lens. In 1993, Transitions Plus lenses receive the prestigious Optical Laboratories Associates (OLA) Award for Best Lens Treatment.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1996

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1996

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 1996

The newest generation of Transitions lenses is unveiled to the eyecare profession.

The result is overwhelming approval of Transitions III lenses which darken faster, darken more and achieve a true gray color that most consumers prefer.

This newest TOI product is also available in mid-index, opening a totally new market for photochromic plastic lenses.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 2002

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 2002

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin 2002

The debut of Next Generation Transitions, 1.50 marks the first time that a company has brought to market a 1.50 photochromic lens that is virtually indistinguishable indoors from clear lenses, with the outdoor darkness of sunglasses, and with a record-breaking speed of performance.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-607™ Monomer

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-607™ Monomer

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-607™ Monomer

CR-607 monomer, developed as a new substrate for TransitionsÒ lenses, produces lenses with superior photochromic performance. CR-607 monomer was designed to give casters an easy replacement for CR-307 monomer.

Since CR-607 monomer has similar polymerization shrinkage and the same refractive index as CR-307 monomer, it should not require new molds.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-630™ Monomer

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-630™ Monomer

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-630™ Monomer

The casting of CR-630 monomer is virtually identical to the casting of CR-607 monomer with the exception of the initiator used. CR-607 monomer is used with 100% IPP, and CR-630 monomer has been specially formulated to be used with a pre-mix of 10% IPP in CR-39™ monomer



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin HIRI™ Resin

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin HIRI™ Resin

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin HIRI™ Resin

Lenses made from HIRI casting resin are both thinner and lighter than those made of conventional plastic or glass because of the resins higher refractive index (1.56) and lighter weight.

Properly fabricated lenses made from HIRI resin are optically uniform, with no waves or inclusions, and they give less chromatic aberration than polycarbonate lenses. Although designed primarily as a lighter and easier-to-cast and high-refractive index alternative to CR-39 monomer, HIRI resin may be used in any application that requires a versatile, easily processed thermosetting resin.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-424™ UV Curable Monomer

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-424™ UV Curable Monomer

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-424™ UV Curable Monomer

Lenses made from CR-424 monomer act as the substrate for manufacturing mid-index Transitions lenses.

With a refractive index of 1.554 and a density of 1.20, lenses made from CR-424 monomer are thin and light in addition to being photochromic.



The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-27™ Premix

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-27™ Premix

The Continuing Evolution of CR-39™ Resin CR-27™ Premix

CR-27 is an initiator premix mixture of 27% Di-isopropyl Peroxydicarbonate (IPP) and 73% CR-39 (Diethylene Glycol Bisallyl Carbonate).

CR-39 Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off.) is a trademark of PPG Industries, Inc.



20 / 20 Vision

20 / 20 Vision

20 / 20 Vision

The Vision Test

 

  • In order to compare results, the vision test is always carried out at a standard distance of twenty feet.
  • Old-fashioned test rooms had to be more than twenty feet in length. Mirrors are now used to reflect the image so the test room no longer needs to be long; the image still looks as if it is twenty feet away.
  • Standardised charts are used and eyecare professionals world wide use the same format. But what do those numbers really mean?
  • Each line of the eye chart has notation in the form of a fraction that represents your visual acuity. The numerator is in feet the distance the patient is from the eye test chart. The denominator represents the distance an eye with normal vision can read the same line. Understanding the numbers is quite simple,say you can read the 20/40 line, then you're only able to see at 20 feet what a normal eye could see at 40.
  • If your eyesight is 20/16 You're better than average. You can see from 20 feet an object that a normal eye sees at only 16 feet.


Amblyopia

Amblyopia

Amblyopia { Lazy Eye }

  • Is a term used to describe an uncorrectable loss of vision in an eye that appears to be normal.
  • It's commonly referred to as lazy eye and can occur for a variety of reasons.
  • A child's visual system is fully developed between approximately the ages of 9 and 11.
  • Until then, children readily adapt to visual problems by suppression or blocking out the image.
  • If caught early, the problem can be corrected and often the vision is preserved, however, after about the age of 11, it is difficult if not impossible to train the brain to use the eye normally.


Astigmatism

Astigmatism

Astigmatism

  • Means that the cornea is oval like a rugby ball instead of spherical like a tennis ball..
  • This causes light to focus on more than one point in the eye, resulting in blurred vision at distance or near.
  • The condition often occurs along with both nearsightedness or farsightedness.
  • The symptoms are blurred vision at all distances.
  • Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or surgically.
  • The most common surgeries used to correct astigmatism are astigmatic keratotomy (procedures that involve placing a microscopic incision on the eye) and LASIK.
  • These procedures have been developed so as to to reshape the cornea making it spherical or uniformly curved.


Cataracts

Cataracts

Cataracts

  • A cataract is a clouding of the eyes natural lens, the part of the eye responsible for focusing light and producing clearly defined, sharp images.
  • The lens is contained in a sealed bag or capsule as old cells die they become trapped within the capsule.
  • Over a period of time, the cells accumulate causing the lens to cloud, making images look blurred or hazy.
  • For most people, cataracts are the natural result of ageing.


Convergence Insufficiency

Convergence Insufficiency

Convergence Insufficiency

  • This is a condition in which the muscles of the eye responsible for convergence ( turning the eyes in ) appear to be weaker relative to the muscles responsible for divergence ( turning the eyes out ).
  • However, the patient's eyes remain straight in all fields of gaze.
  • This results in strained eyes and the affected patient often complains of headache, eyestrain, blurred vision, or fatigue with continued efforts at near work.
  • This condition most commonly occurs in teenagers and young adults, though it can occur up through middle age.

 

Reading glasses or bifocals with base-in prism may be prescribed.



Longsightedness

Longsightedness

Longsightedness

  • Occurs when light entering the eye focuses behind the retina, instead of directly on it.
  • This is caused by a cornea that is flatter, or an eye that is shorter, than a normal eye.
  • Farsighted people usually have trouble seeing up close, but may also have difficulty seeing far away as well.
  • Young longsighted people are often able to see clearly because their natural lens can adjust, or accommodate to increase the eye's focusing ability, however, as the eye gradually loses the ability to accommodate ( beginning at about 40 years of age ), blurred vision from longsightedness often becomes more apparent.


Shortsightedness or Myopia

Shortsightedness or Myopia

Shortsightedness or Myopia

  • Shortsightedness or myopia, occurs when light entering the eye focuses in front of the retina instead of directly on it.
  • This is caused by a cornea that is steeper, or an eye that is longer, than a normal eye.
  • Nearsighted people typically see well up close, but have difficulty seeing far away.
  • This problem is often discovered in school age children who report having trouble seeing the chalkboard.
  • Near-sightedness usually becomes progressively worse through adolescence and stabilizes in early adulthood and is an inherited problem.


Transitions® Lenses

Transitions® Lenses

Transitions® Lenses

Transitions® Lenses
  • Transitions® Lenses change from clear indoors to dark outdoors
  • As clear as an ordinary clear lens while indoors and at night
  • Block 100% of the sun’s harmful UVA & UVB rays and are available in Grey or Brown varieties.
  • Providing continuous comfort and peace of mind, by decreasing glare, reducing eye fatigue and delivering 100% UV protection with every pair.
  • Transition lenses ® have a very thin layer of photochromic* material bonded onto the front surface of the lens, thus giving an even density when activated.

What are Transitions Lenses ® ?

  • Transitions lenses ® are designed for daily use.
  • They offer all the benefits of clear lenses indoors and much more outdoors.
  • Transitions lenses ® automatically adapt to changing outdoor light conditions to help reduce glare and prevent eye fatigue.
  • They also help to preserve eye health as they block 100% of harmful UV rays.

What do Transitions Lenses ® Offer Me?

Reduce Glare

  • Direct sunlight and reflections can cause eye pain which leads to squinting and blurred vision.
  • Transitions lenses ® are the automatic anti-glare solution for your eyes as they rapidly adapt to outdoor light intensity.
  • They help your eyes adjust and improve contrast to ensure your vision is optimized.

Relieve Eye Fatigue

  • Constant variations in light intensity throughout the day can leave your eyes feeling tired and sore.
  • Transitions lenses ® help reduce eye fatigue as they constantly adapt to outdoor light conditions allowing just the right amount of light to reach the eye. As a result your eyes feel more comfortable all day long.

Protect From UV Rays

  • Without even knowing or feeling them, UV rays are present all year round.
  • As with your skin, your eyes also need protection from the invisible but damageable effects of UV rays.
  • Transitions lenses ® help preserve eye health as they block 100% of harmful UV rays.
  • Transitions Lenses ® are the ideal choice for everyday lenses.
  • Transitions lenses ® are the ideal choice for your everyday eyewear, because they are as good as a clear lens but better!
  • Transitions lenses ® automatically adjust to changing light for everyday convenient protection, everyday visual quality, and everyday visual comfort.
  • With automatic ultraviolet radiation (UV) protection and glare reduction, Transitions Lenses ® are the ideal choice for your everyday eyewear and the single most convenient way for you to protect your eyes and to achieve healthy sight.
  • Transitions lenses ® are photochromic lenses that are clear until dangerous UV rays are present.
  • Outdoors, the brighter the sun, the darker Transitions lenses ® become.
  • They turn as dark as sunglasses by automatically adjusting their level of darkness based upon the amount of UV radiation.
  • Transitions Lenses ® block 100% of the sun's eye-damaging rays and reduce painful, discomforting glare.
  • Transitions lenses ® protect on cloudy days, sunny days, and everything in between-every day, year round-whenever invisible UV rays and visible glare are present.
  • Eyecare professionals agree with scientific evidence that exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays over time is harmful to the eyes, yet research shows that only 9% of people associate ultraviolet (UV) radiation with damage to their eyes-as compared to 82% who recognize the dangers of UV to their skin.
  • Transitions Optical, Inc. has developed the world's most advanced photochromic* lens technology.
  • Transitions lenses ® are the number one brand of photochromic* lenses recommended by eyecare professionals worldwide.
  • "Photochromic*" means that the lenses automatically change from clear to dark in the presence of ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
  • Transitions lenses ® are the ideal choice for every day lenses because they are good as a clear lens, but better!
  • They provide visual quality, visual comfort and convenient protection with these performance features:
  • Automatic protection that's convenient and effortless
  • Virtually as clear as regular, hard-coated clear lenses indoors
  • Even clearer with an anti-reflective coating
  • As dark as most sunglasses outside in bright light
  • Fast to activate
  • Fast to fade back
  • Block 100% of the sun's eye-damaging UV rays
  • Reduce painful, discomforting glare
  • Reduce eye fatigue
  • Improve contrast
  • Offer the right tint at the right time in changing light

Innovative and unparalleled

  • Transitions Optical's innovative photochromic* technologies offer unparalleled lens performance in nearly every lens design and material, including shatter-resistant lenses, bifocals, trifocals, progressives, and standard and high index materials.

Photochromic performance is influenced by temperature, UV exposure and lens material
 


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Bifocals

Bifocals

Bifocals

  • Bifocals are eyeglasses whose corrective lenses each contain regions with two distinct optical powers.
  • Bifocals are most commonly prescribed to people with presbyopia who also require a correction for myopia, hypermetropia, and/or astigmatism.
  • Franklin's original bifocals were designed with the most convex lenses (for close viewing) in the lower half of the frame and the least convex lenses on the upper.
  • Up until the beginning of the 20th century two separate lenses were cut in half and combined together in the rim of the frame.
  • The mounting of two half lenses into a single frame led to a number of early complications and rendered such spectacles quite fragile.
  • A method for fusing the sections of the lenses together was developed by Louis de Wecker at the end of the 19th century and patented by Dr. John L. Borsch, Jr. in 1908.
  • Today most bifocals are created by molding a reading segment into a primary lens and are available with the reading segments in a variety of shapes and sizes.
  • The most popular bifocal is the 28mm flat-top bifocal, also known as the straight-top or D segment 28mm wide.
  • D28 Bifocals are available with photochromic properties.

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Ordering Bifocals

Ordering Bifocals

Ordering Bifocals

Ordering Bifocals

  • When ordering bifocals we need to know the pupillary distance PD measurement and the height of the reading segment, this can be obtained by uploading to your account your calibrated image and trying on your selected frame in our click and measure virtual mirror.
  • If no segment heights are stated on orders received by Budgetspex an average height will be used.
  • The D 28 segment bifocal  is the most commonly purchased bifocal, it's reading segment is D-shaped and flat on top
  • D Segment bifocals are available in a variety of segment widths from 25mm to 45mm.
  • D 35 is the most commonly used wide segment bifocal partly due to it's price positioning as there are wider D segment lenses available but at a much higher price.
  • C segment bifocals are similar to a D segment bifocal, however rather than the segment being flat at the top it is slightly curved making them easier to get used to and cosmetically more desireable.
  • Round segment bifocals are available in a variety of segment widths from 24mm to 38mm
  • E-line or Executive bifocals offer the widest reading area of all bifocals, but tend to be thicker by power than all other bifocals.
  • The highest point of the reading area is positioned in line with your bottom eyelid.
  • When ordering you must take into account the type of tasks you will be carrying out in them, if you feel you would like the reading segment  if mainly using them for viewing a computer monitor or lower if you intend to use them mainly for driving then let us know .


New Sunsensors Mid Index Lenses

New Sunsensors Mid Index Lenses

New Sunsensors Mid Index Lenses

New Sunsensors 1.56 Mid Index Lenses

  • This in-mass photochromic material distributes photochromic molecules throughout the lens, allowing a consistent and effective light response for the life of the lens.
  • Available and affordable as single vision lenses and in top progressive lens designs from high-quality suppliers the world over.

Better-Performing Plastic Lenses

  • The result of years of research and development, the new Sunsensors Grey photochromic lenses are the product of highly sophisticated technologies. In its most basic form, a photochromic lens changes color because of a chemical reaction.
  • When someone wears photochromic lenses outside, Ultra Violet (UV) exposure causes the lenses to darken. Indoors, at night, or on cloudy days there isn't as much UV to cause the chemical reaction, so the lenses remain relatively clear.
  • Sunsensors have the photochromic molecules distributed evenly throughout the lens material.
  • In this revolutionary plastic lens, as UV degrades some molecules, others replace them, providing a longer lasting, more consistent color over the life of the prescription. Corning SunSensors lenses darken to a uniform depth across the exposed surface of the lens, as a result, SunSensors in high plus or minus powers can be finished and edged with no uneven darkening, typically referred to as bulls-eye or raccooning
  • Our initial lab tests of this product shows the tensile strength seems to be lower than Transitions Lenses ® .
  • Because of the slightly higher index "1.56" they are a little thinner than true Transitions Lenses ® .
  • The biggest drawback is they are completely unsuitable for fitting into rimless and semi rimless frames
  • They do have their place in the market as they are a little thinner than standard 1.50 index Transitions Lenses ® .


Polarised Lenses

Polarised Lenses

  • Conventional sunglasses reduce brightness, but polarized lenses completely eliminate glare, which reduces eyestrain and squinting.
  • Polarized lenses channel light in just one direction, eliminating reflections and letting you see the whole picture.


Cheap Glasses From Budgetspex

Cheap Glasses From Budgetspex

Cheap Glasses From Budgetspex

  • We can sell cheaper prescription glasses than our competitors because we are part of a well established spectacle manufacturing business and have access to great discounts from leading lens manufacturers and optical importers, we simply pass back these savings to our customers, It's as simple as that.
  • We are one of the foremost internet suppliers of cheaper glasses to the general public in the UK .
  • Although the term cheap eyewear smacks of poor quality frames glazed poorly with poor quality lenses, it could not be further from the truth.
  • See our testimonials updated at regular intervals
  • We sell prescription full rimmed eyeglasses, semi rimless eyeglasses, rimless eyeglasses, titanium eyeglasses, designer eyewear and even cheaper odds and ends glasses.
  • Our spectacle frames are selected for quality and value and are constantly reveiwed, we listen to our customers and act only in their best interest.
  • Here at Budgetspex our technical staff have many years of spectacle making experience.
  • Our quality is unquestionable.In fact our products are sold in Opticians shops all over the Uk every day of the week.Budgetspex for Transitions, polarized lenses, antireflection coated lenses, polycarbonate, lens tints, thin lenses, high index lenses, 1.74 index, 1.67 index, 1.6 index, trivex, spectacles frames, discount eyewear, low cost eyewear, polarised lenses, eyewear accessories
  • We also accept accor vouchers.
  • Tints Colour swatches and density examples please note due to varying monitor and graphics card quality the colours shown may not be 100% accurate.
  • Our low priced eyewear are made in the Heart of the West Midlands.
  • To buy prescription eyewear from us you must first register your prescription with us.
  • The only information we gather from you is your email address, a unique password and your prescription details, these details are held securely on our server and will not be lent sold or passed on to any third parties for any reason, once these details are gathered you can buy as many pairs of spectacles as you wish without re entering your current prescription, this should lead to less input errors an a quicker service.

Rimless eyewear

  • Rimless eyeglass frames have been around for years, but have recently been rediscovered, and are now featured by many of the top designer eyewear brands.
  • Rimless eyewear have very little frame material, and usually no frame around the rim of the lens, so the eyewear seem to barely visible on the face.
  • Rimless eyewear of all the frame designs, reveal more of your natural looks. Rimless spectacles are delicate, lightweight and gracefull, regular spectacle frames cannot match this.
  • More and more stars of the screen and celebrities wear rimless eyeglasses, showing off their looks and taste.
  • Rimless eyeglass frames are available in many different shapes, sizes, colors, and styles.
  • Rimless eyeglasses are available with standard hinges, sprung hinges and hingeless.
  • Rimless glasses frames are a little more expensive than full rimmed glasses because it is more time consuming and complicated to mount prescription lenses into rimless eyeglasses.
  • If you don't want to make a fashion statement with your eyewear, and want them to be as inconspicuous as possible.
  • You must try rimless frames there are so many styles and shapes available you are sure to find the right choice.
  • We are one of the foremost internet suppliers of affordable eyewear to the general public in the United Kingdom.
  • Although the term cheap eyewear smacks of poor quality frames glazed poorly with poor quality lenses, it could not be further from the truth. See our testimonials
  • Our UK laboratory is who's trading name is kept secret to preserve supplies, has a reputation for the highest quality and excellent service.
  • The chances are that you already know someone who has had their eyewear made in our laboratory and they haven't purchased cheaply made eyewear but have purchased the very same frames as supplied on our website and paid much more for them.
  • Whether you order from our range of designer label eyewear or from any of our other selections you will not be buying cheaply made poor eyewear but great eyewear at a very low price, without losing out on quality or service.
  • Our designer frames are guaranteed 100% authentic and are sourced from UK suppliers, we don't sell poor copies just cheap eyewear.
  • Don't waste your hard earned cash on expensive high street stores, cut out the middle man, buy direct at huge discount.
  • If you think our frames are not worth every penny just return them for a full refund.


Designer Eyeglasses

 

  • We sell genuine designer eyeglasses by designers such as Versace - Calvin Klein - Police - Cerruti - Janet Reger -Versus - Christian Dior - Ralph Lauren - Yves Saint Laurent - Dolce and Gabbana - DKNY and Donna Karan.
  • Our designer eyeglasses are 100% genuine and sourced for the best uk prices.
  • We only supply the designer eyeglasses models listed on our uk website, as new models are sourced they will be added.
  • The price you see is the price you will pay with standard stock Cr39 plastic lenses fitted to your own prescription.
  • The high street price for these frames is much more expensive.
  • Why should you pay high street prices ? when you can buy the same product from our UK stock at a fraction of the price.
  • Many people want designer eyeglasses but have in the past found them to be well outside their budget .
  • With Budgetspex anyone can afford a best pair of designer eyeglasses for those prestigious occasions.
  • It is doubtful that you could buy cheaper or buy a better finished pair of eyeglasses.

Calvin Klein - Police - Cerruti - Versus - Christian Dior - Ralph Lauren - Yves Saint Laurent Dolce and Gabbana - DKNY - Donna Karan - Giorgio Armani - Vogart - Janet Reger

 The History Of Glasses

The first recorded use of a corrective lens was by the emperor Nero, who was known to watch the gladiatorial games using an emerald.

Sunglasses were first used in China in the 12th century or possibly earlier. The lenses of these glasses were flat panes of smoky quartz, which offered no corrective powers but did protect the eyes from glare.

Glasses first began to appear in common use in northern Italy late in the 13th century; most likely in the late 1280s. It is not clear when the technology was invented. It has been said that Marco Polo reported seeing many pairs of glasses in China as early as 1275. In 1676, Franciscus Redi, a professor of medicine at the University of Pisa, wrote that he possessed a 1289 manuscript whose author complains that he would be unable to read or write were it not for the recent invention of glasses, and a record of a sermon given in 1305, in which the speaker, a Dominican monk named Fra Giordano da Rivalto, remarked that glasses had been invented less than twenty years previously, and that he had met the inventor. Based on this evidence, Redi credited another Dominican monk, Fra Alessandro da Spina of Pisa, with the re-invention of glasses after their original inventor kept them a secret, a claim contained in da Spina's obituary record.

In 1738, a Florentine historian named Domenico Manni reported that a tombstone in Florence credited one Salvino d'Armato (died 1317) with the invention of glasses. Other stories, possibly legendary, credit Roger Bacon with the invention. Bacon's published writings describe the magnifying glass (which he did not invent), but make no mention of glasses. His treatise De iride (On the Rainbow), which was written while he was a student of Robert Grosseteste, no later than 1235, mentions using optics to read the smallest letters at incredible distances.

These early spectacles had convex lenses that could correct the presbyopia (farsightedness) that commonly develops as a symptom of aging. Nicholas of Cusa is believed to have discovered the benefits of concave lens in the treatment of myopia (nearsightedness). However, it was not until 1604 that Johannes Kepler published in his treatise on optics and astronomy, the first correct explanation as to why convex and concave lenses could correct presbyopia and myopia.

The American scientist Benjamin Franklin, who suffered from both myopia and presbyopia, invented bifocals in 1784 to avoid having to regularly switch between two pairs of spectacles. The first lenses for correcting astigmatism were constructed by the British astronomer George Airy in 1827.

Over time, the construction of spectacle frames also evolved. Early eyepieces were designed to be either held in place by hand or by exerting pressure on the nose (pince-nez). Girolamo Savonarola suggested that eyepieces could be held in place by a ribbon passed over the wearer's head, this in turn secured by the weight of a hat. The modern style of spectacles, held by temples passing over the ears, was developed in 1727 by the British optician Edward Scarlett. These designs were not immediately successful, however, and various styles with attached handles such as scissors spectacles and lorgnettes remained fashionable throughout the 18th and into the early 19th century.

In the early 20th century, Moritz von Rohr at Zeiss (with the assistance of H. Boegehold and A. Sonnefeld, developed the Zeiss Punktal spherical point-focus lenses that dominated the eyeglass lens field for many years.

Despite the increasing popularity of contact lenses and laser corrective eye surgery, spectacles remain very common and their technology has not stood still. For instance, it is now possible to purchase frames made of special memory metal alloys that return to their correct shape after being bent. Other frames have spring-loaded hinges. Either of these designs offers dramatically better ability to withstand the stresses of daily wear and the occasional accident. Modern frames are also often made from strong, light-weight materials such as titanium alloys, which were not available in earlier times.

Upgrade your lens choice

 

  • 1-60 Index 1.60 The most economical of all the thin and light high index lenses comes Antireflection coated as standard 
  • Enhanced Visual Amplification Filters EVA® filter tints are ideal for... • Computers • Office Work • Reading • Fluorescent Lights
  • 1.67 Index Thinner than 1.6 index but a little more expensive, comes with antireflection coating as standard.
  • Visual Display Terminal Tint VDT™ Tints supplied by Budgetspex are available in three colours Blue Amber and Green to match the spectral content of the common VDT,s
  • 1-74 Index 1.74 The highest index currently available in plastic, very thin and light, comes with antireflection coating as standard. 
  • Sports Filter Tint Due to their specific light frequency absorption and areas of transmittance, these specialized tints increase visual acuity for the sports participant and spectator.
  • Polycarbonate Polycarbonate widely used for rimless and safety eyewear applications, very strong but has a tendency to crack and craze when introduced to solvents including alchohol, acetone and many lens cleaning solutions and sprays
  • Anti Reflective Coating Help reduce glare for clearer viewing, which means less eyestrain and fatigue for the wearer.
  • Trivex The latest in lens materials, Trivex has all the best properties of Polycarbanate but none of the drawbacks, it is not affected by any domestically available solvents and has superb optics, It is ideal for rimless applications and is highly recommended. 
  • UV400 Ultra Violet Protection UV 400 filter tint is almost clear and will help prevent cataracts, macular and corneal edema and senile macular degeneration due to ultraviolet light . 
  • Transitions material changes density as the light conditions change, the lenses are now almost clear in thier unactivated state and when the light fails return to thier neutral state quickly.
  • Reglaze Own full rim ( Standard Lenses )
  • Polarized Bifocals
  • Reglaze Own Rimless
  • Reglaze Own Semi Rimless
  • Many Bifocal Designs. 
  • Reglaze Own Half Eye.
  • A host of Varifocals


High Quality Glasses

High Quality Glasses

Cheap Glasses - Prescription Glasses Spectacles and Designer Glasses Online from Budgetspex - World Wide Delivery - High Quality Glasses Made in the UK by skilled craftsmen in our very well equiped professional spectacle making laboratory - based in the heart of the west midlands - with superb transport links to the wholer of the United Kingdom - If you need to make substantial savings but don't want to compromise on quality you are in the right place.



Delivery Charges

Delivery Charges

Please note: that the prices shown here include VAT at the standard rate.
* UK delivery is £3.50 for the first pair of spectacles,** Reglaze own frames are charged at the higher rate of £8.50.

A 20% reduction for subsequent items is applied when more than one item is ordered within  one session.
You must select your country to calculate delivery charges for orders outside of the UK.
These charges will be calculated and displayed in the Checkout page before you proceed to our secure payment system.
 

  • * Some larger items ( Diving Masks Ect ) are charged at a higher rate.
  • ** Fully insured, The value of own frames sent to us for replacement lenses and the replaceability of these items is unknown to us, we return these items fully insured as a precaution, the cost of this is about £8.50.


Designer Spectacles

Designer Spectacles

Designer Spectacles

Designer Spectacles

  • You may not be aware but the vast majority of Spectacles labled designer eyewear are made under licence by only a hand full of spectacle manufacturer importers.
  • The licensing agreements change hands fairly frequently, in effect a Spectacles wearer can buy a designer frame today and tomorrow the designer licence can change hands and that particular frame will be discontinued overnight with new models being manufactured elsewhere.
  • Did you know that * Giorgio Armani , Emporio Armani, Diesel, Yves Saint Laurent, Polo Ralph Lauren, Gucci, Dior, Valentino, Oliver, Carrera, Stella McCartney, Oxydo, Pierre Cardin and Alexander McQueen design licenses are all held by a single frame manufacturer.
  • And a second company manufactures / imports all these designs * Anne Klein, Arnette, Brookes Brothers, Byblos, Bvlgari, Burberry, Chanel, D&G, Dolce&Gabbana, Donna Karan, DKNY, Ferragamo, Genny, Killer Loop, Miu Miu, Moschino, Persol, Prada, Ray-Ban, Revo, Tacchini, Sferoflex, Versace, Versus and Vogue.
  • Basically the Designer name is leased to the highest bidder.

* All information correct at time of writing.

  • The agents who sell designer frames on the whole seem to have a policy of maintaining exclusivity amongst their customers.
  • For Example, Maybe there are two opticians operating within one small town or the same high street, only one of the opticians will be allowed to purchase a particular designer collection, thus allowing no competition and allowing their chosen optician to charge a premium price whilst the other optician may be offered a collection from another designer within their portfolio.
  • Whenever these arrangements are threatened by discounters such as ourselves the licence holders try to establish where our stocks are being purchased in order to stem supplies.
  • However we will endeavor to keep supplying spectacles with designer lables at reasonable prices.

Rimless Spectacles

  • Budgetspex offers the lowest prices on rimless Spectacles whilst maintaining the highest quality of workmanship.
  • State of the art computer controlled edging and milling machinery is employed which facilitates accurate edging and drilling of lenses, resulting in a pleasing balanced appearance and an accuracy previously unachievable.
  • Rimless Spectacles are more stable and more beautiful than ever before the vast array of designs and shapes combined with the lightness of today's new generation lens materials make rimless designs the leading fashion choice of today.
  • The fine frame materials employed in today's rimless Spectacles make the rimless Spectacles safer and more comfortable to wear. Many types of lens fittings are now available.

Airfit

  • The plug is made of flexible plastic and is inserted through holes predrilled in the lens, the plug is then cut flush with the front surface of the lens.
  • The double barbed pins of the frame are then located into the openings of the hollow plastic plugs and an insertion tool is then employed to push the pins home fully into the plastic plug.

Starfit

  • The beauty of the starfit type of rimless fitting is its simplicity, a bolt with a five or six pointed clasp is soldered onto the frame ( during frame manufacture ) .
  • A single hole is drilled through a point at each temple and nasal position on each lens, the bolt is inserted from the front of the lens and after the rear protective washers are installed and the nut is tightened until the pointed clasp starts to penetrate the lens material, the points are only a few tenths of a millimeter long and should not cause any harm to the correct lens type.
  • Once the frame has been set up and aligned correctly the nuts are fully tightened and capped to prevent backing off of the retaining nuts.
  • Polycarbonate lenses are not suitable for starfit fitting

Notch And Hole

  • The lenses are milled and drilled to form the notch and hole a few millimeters apart, the notch is used as an anti rocking locator.
  • The frame will typically be made with a screw or bolt inserted through or soldered to the front of the frame and a pin a few millimeters away which locates in the anti rocking notch, protective plastic washers are installed and the nut fastener is introduced, at this point basic setting up of the frame is required and finishing capnuts are fitted preventing backing off of the retaining nuts.

Semi Rimless Spectacles

  • Budgetspex sell a good range of semi rimless frames ( sometimes referred to as supra or half rim frames ) .
  • The lenses are secured into the frame by means of a nylon or steel cord sunk within a channel cut into the lens edge usually but not always around the full circumference of the lens.
  • To facilitate the insertion of the nylon cord there is a recommended minimum edge thickness of two millimeters.

Plastic Full Rim Ladies Spectacles

  • Plastic full rimmed frames although once reigned supreme have suffered a loss of favor in recent years, but 2006 has seen a new and exciting re emergence of layered acetate frames allowing designers complete control over colours and features.
  • We now have traditional frame materials brought right up to date by this generations fashion designers.

Plastic Full Rim Gents

  • Spectacles We have a selection of plastic full rim frames and are constantly looking for good quality and good value models to complement our selection.
  • Here is a note for frame manufacturers we need samples of good quality plastic frames for men, there simply is not enough good quality gents plastic frames about.
  • We need more choice.

Metal Full Rim Ladies Spectacles

  • Budgetspex carry a huge selection of ladies full rim metal spectacles frames to suit all tastes and pockets all glazed to our famous high quality.
  • We have lots of tried and tested favorites.
  • All the ladies full rim metal spectacles are sourced from high quality manufacturers and carry a no quibble guarantee on all components.
  • It is well known that we only sell high quality products. Metal Full Rim Gents spectacles
  • Budgetspex carry a huge selection of gents's full rim metal spectacles frames to suit all tastes and pockets all glazed to our famous high quality.
  • We have lots of tried and tested favorites.
  • All the gents's full rim metal spectacles are sourced from high quality manufacturers and carry a no quibble guarantee on all components.
  • Our reputation for quality, value and service is growing all the time.
  • It is well known that we only sell high quality products.

Low Cost Spectacles

  • Our low cost spectacles are reported to be the best value on the net.
  • An article hosted on Televisions " Make Me Rich " Martin Lewis's website moneysavingexpert.com

Excerpts from the article

Basic Lenses

  • " If you're not fussed about style and are just after a basic frame, Specsonthenet and Budgetspex come in cheapest at £9.99 for frame and lens, though delivery with specsonthenet is a bit steep at £2.49. After that you can expect to pay about £15 for a basic frame and lens, Glasses Direct*, Goggles4u and Spex4less* "

Designer Spectacles

  • If you fancy yourself as a bit of a fashionista, many of the online dispensers offer designers spec at bargain basement prices too.
  • Go and try some frames in a high street store to see what suits and fits you then make a note of the model number and then you can try and find the exact frames online without having to buy blind!
  • Budgetspex come up trumps here again with designer frames from £44.99, you could also try Perfect Specs who have D & G frames starting from £109 with free lenses.

Compare Our Prices

  • Many of the cut price websites are now starting to accept NHS vouchers so if you are entitled make sure you redeem it; you'll get about £30 off the price of your Spectacles.
  • The following sites accept vouchers: Budgetspex*****, Glasses Delivered and Glasses Direct.

 

  • Thank you Martin We will strive to offer even better value

***** Budgetspex no longer accept vouchers for online orders but if you can call into thier Halesowen based shop they will be able to accept a voucher there.


information_designer-spectacles_infoimage2.jpg information_designer-spectacles_infoimage3.jpg information_designer-spectacles_infoimage4.jpg information_designer-spectacles_infoimage5.jpg

Lowcost high value cheap glasses

Lowcost high value cheap glasses

Lowcost high value cheap glasses

Cheap Glasses from Budgetspex
Throughout the UK history of spectacle supply, it has been made clear by the Professional side of the industry that the supply of spectacles, to the public from the spectacle manufacturer is taboo, and we in the manufacturing side of the trade have always abided by thier wishes, mainly for fear of losing our livelyhood.

That was until a young man from the Bristol area who had no ties to the optical industry decided to challenge this unjust sytem.

He contacted some spectacle suppliers and tried to persuade them to supply him direct, and after many refusals managed to persuade a supplier to sell to him direct, thus was born GlassesDirect.com.

The concept was then looked at by others including Budgetspex.

We decided that now that the concept was being taken seriously by the High Street, that we would offer a similar facility but with quality in mind, you see we have many years of experience at making glasses to the highest standards.

We also have many years of standing in the spectacle supply chain and even have our own brands.

This should give you some confidence in our ability to supply better products than our competition, at better prices than our competition.

We don,t go overboard with advertising but are happier building a satisfied customer base by word of mouth.

We offer a no quibble guarantee on all frames and services and are happy to talk with and advise on any spectacle related issue.

We can sell prescription spectacles cheaper than our competitors because we are part of a well established spectacle manufacturing business and have access to great discounts from leading lens manufacturers and optical importers, we simply pass back these savings to our customers.It's as simple as that.

We are one of the foremost internet suppliers of cheaper spectacles to the general public in the UK .Although the term cheap glasses smacks of poor quality frames glazed poorly with poor quality lenses, it could not be further from the truth.

See our testimonials they are updated at regular intervals

We sell prescription full rimmed glasses, semi rimless glasses, rimless glasses, titanium glasses, designer glasses and even cheaper odds and ends glasses.
 

Paypal and all major credit and debit cards accepted

Our spectacle frames are selected for quality and value and are constantly reveiwed, we listen to our customers and act only in their best interest.

Here at Budgetspex our technical staff have many years of spectacle making experience. Our quality is unquestionable.In fact our products are sold in Opticians shops all over the Uk every day of the week.

Budgetspex for Transitions, Polarised glasses, Antireflection coated glasses, Polycarbonate, Lens tints, Thin lenses, High index lenses, 1.74 index, 1.67 index, 1.6 index, Trivex, Glasses frames, Discount glasses, Low cost glasses, Polarized glasses, Glasses accessories

WE ALSO ACCEPT ACCOR SPECTACLE VOUCHERS.

TINTS COLOUR SWATCHES AND DENSITY EXAMPLES

Please note due to varying monitor and graphics card quality the colours shown may not be 100% accurate.

Our low priced are glasses made in the Heart of the West Midlands.

To buy prescription glasses from us you must first register your prescription with us

The only information we gather from you is your email address, a unique password and your prescription details, these details are held securely on our server and will not be lent sold or passed on to any third parties for any reason, once these details are gathered you can buy as many pairs of glasses as you wish without re entering your prescription, this should lead to less input errors an a quicker service.

Terms and Conditions General Terms

The terms and conditions stipulated on this website do not in any way affect your statutory rights as a consumer.

  • All goods on this website are sold subject to availability.
  • All frames conform to CE standards and skilled technicians carry out all work.
  • Prescriptions must be supplied by a registered Ophthalmic Optician and must be current i.e. ( your last eye test within the last two years )
  • Budgetspex cannot supply spectacles to children under the age of sixteen or anyone who is registered as blind or partially sighted.
  • Budgetspex will not accept any order where the cylinder value added to the sphere value in either eye exceeds 8.00 plus or 10.00 minus.
  • At Budgetspex we are so proud of our products we offer a no quibble guarantee on all frames and services.
  • The sale of goods from this website is not restricted to the United Kingdom.
  • Budgetspex Limited UK (Company No: 5397608) whose registered office is at

 

  • Head Office
  • 8 Baird House, Second Avenue
  • Pensett Trading Estate
  • Kingswinford
  • West Midlands
  • DY6 7YA
  • United Kingdom

Telephone: 0121 501 1106

Goods And Services

  • All goods are as described on this website, no changes will be made other than changes in frame manufacture outside our control.
  • The goods will match the prescription supplied by you, and will have an average PD of 63mm unless otherwise stated.
  • Our standard lenses are plastic resin supplied from stock.
  • Budgetspex can now supply both Bifocals and Varifocals, providing the Click and Measure system has been used to measure correct lens positioning within your chosen frame.
  • Please inspect your glasses on arrival if they are damaged please contact
  • Budgetspex on our consumer line 0121 501 1106 or email us at info@budgetspex.com Please make subject line start with GLASSES.
  • The sale of goods from this website is not restricted to the United Kingdom.
  • Please allow 28 days for delivery.
  • Rimless and Semi Rimless frames are governed by CE regulations regarding edge thickness for stability. All thickness will be optimized to meet these regulations, refractive index will remain as ordered.
  • We will not accept any order where the cylinder value added to the sphere value in either eye exceeds 8.00 plus or 10.00 minus.

Data Protection

  • Budgetspex keeps no personal data other than a copy of your order/invoice and we will ensure that all our employees comply with the provisions of the Data Protection Act 1998.
  • Please read these terms and conditions carefully before you place your order as they are binding.
  • If you have any queries regarding these terms and conditions please contact us before you place your order at info@budgetspex.com.


Rimless Glasses

Rimless eyeglass frames have been around for years, but have recently been rediscovered, and are now featured by many of the top designer eyewear brands. Rimless glasses have very little frame material, and usually no frame around the rim of the lens, so the glasses seem to barely visible on the face. Rimless glasses of all the frame designs, reveal more of your natural looks. Rimless glasses are delicate, lightweight and gracefull, regular spectacle frames cannot match this.

More and more stars of the screen and celebrities wear rimless eyeglasses, showing off their looks and taste.

Rimless eyeglass frames are available in many different shapes, sizes, colors, and styles. You can use our frame search function to search for the specific features you want: rimless plastic, rimless metal, rimless titanium and frame brand. Rimless eyeglasses are available with standard hinges, sprung hinges and hingeless. Rimless glasses frames are a little more expensive than full rimmed glasses because it is more time consuming and complicated to mount prescription lenses into rimless eyeglasses.

If you don't want to make a fashion statement with your spectacles, and want them to be as inconspicuous as possible.You must try rimless frames there are so many styles and shapes available you are sure to find the right choice.

We are one of the foremost internet suppliers of affordable spectacles to the general public in the United Kingdom. Although the term cheap spectacles smacks of poor quality frames glazed poorly with poor quality lenses, it could not be further from the truth.

See our testimonials

Our UK laboratory is who's trading name is kept secret to preserve supplies, has a reputation for the highest quality and excellent service.The chances are that you know someone who has had their glasses made in our laboratory and they haven't purchased cheaply made spectacles but have purchased the very same frames as supplied on our website and paid much more for them.Whether you order from our range of designer label glasses or from any of our other selections you will not be buying cheaply made poor spectacles but great spectacles at a very low price, without losing out on quality or service.

Our designer frames are guaranteed 100% authentic and are sourced from UK suppliers, we don't sell poor copies just cheap spectacles.

Don't waste your hard earned cash on expensive high street stores, cut out the middle man, buy direct at huge discount.

If you think our frames are not worth every penny just return them for a full refund.

Designer Eyeglasses

We sell genuine designer eyeglasses by designers such as Versace - Calvin Klein - Police - Cerruti - Janet Reger -Versus - Christian Dior - Ralph Lauren - Yves Saint Laurent - Dolce and Gabbana - DKNY and Donna Karan.

Our designer eyeglasses are 100% genuine and sourced for the best uk prices.

We only supply the designer eyeglasses models listed on our uk website, as new models are sourced they will be added. The price you see is the price you will pay with standard stock Cr39 plastic lenses fitted to your own prescription.

The high street price for these frames is much more expensive.

Why should you pay high street prices ? when you can buy the same product from our UK stock at a fraction of the price.

Many people want designer eyeglasses but have in the past found them to be well outside their budget .

With Budgetspex anyone can afford a best pair of designer eyeglasses for those prestigious occasions.

It is doubtful that you could buy cheaper or buy a better finished pair of eyeglasses.

Calvin Klein - Police - Cerruti - Versus - Christian Dior - Ralph Lauren - Yves Saint Laurent Dolce and Gabbana - Donna Karan - Giorgio Armani - Vogart - Janet Reger - DKNY

Budgetspex cheap glasses made with care and sold with pride every pair is selected for quality and style.

The History Of Spectacles

The first recorded use of a corrective lens was by the emperor Nero, who was known to watch the gladiatorial games using an emerald.Sunglasses were first used in China in the 12th century or possibly earlier.

The lenses of these glasses were flat panes of smoky quartz, which offered no corrective powers but did protect the eyes from glare. Glasses first began to appear in common use in northern Italy late in the 13th century; most likely in the late 1280s.

It is not clear when the technology was invented.

It has been said that Marco Polo reported seeing many pairs of glasses in China as early as 1275.

In 1676, Franciscus Redi, a professor of medicine at the University of Pisa, wrote that he possessed a 1289 manuscript whose author complains that he would be unable to read or write were it not for the recent invention of glasses, and a record of a sermon given in 1305, in which the speaker, a Dominican monk named Fra Giordano da Rivalto, remarked that glasses had been invented less than twenty years previously, and that he had met the inventor.

Based on this evidence, Redi credited another Dominican monk, Fra Alessandro da Spina of Pisa, with the re-invention of glasses after their original inventor kept them a secret, a claim contained in da Spina's obituary record.In 1738, a Florentine historian named Domenico Manni reported that a tombstone in Florence credited one Salvino d'Armato (died 1317) with the invention of glasses.

Other stories, possibly legendary, credit Roger Bacon with the invention.

Bacon's published writings describe the magnifying glass (which he did not invent), but make no mention of glasses.

His treatise De iride (On the Rainbow), which was written while he was a student of Robert Grosseteste, no later than 1235, mentions using optics to read the smallest letters at incredible distances.

These early spectacles had convex lenses that could correct the presbyopia (farsightedness) that commonly develops as a symptom of aging.

Nicholas of Cusa is believed to have discovered the benefits of concave lens in the treatment of myopia (nearsightedness).

However, it was not until 1604 that Johannes Kepler published in his treatise on optics and astronomy, the first correct explanation as to why convex and concave lenses could correct presbyopia and myopia.

The American scientist Benjamin Franklin, who suffered from both myopia and presbyopia, invented bifocals in 1784 to avoid having to regularly switch between two pairs of glasses.

The first lenses for correcting astigmatism were constructed by the British astronomer George Airy in 1827.

Over time, the construction of spectacle frames also evolved.

Early eyepieces were designed to be either held in place by hand or by exerting pressure on the nose (pince-nez).

Girolamo Savonarola suggested that eyepieces could be held in place by a ribbon passed over the wearer's head, this in turn secured by the weight of a hat.

The modern style of glasses, held by temples passing over the ears, was developed in 1727 by the British optician Edward Scarlett.

These designs were not immediately successful, however, and various styles with attached handles such as scissors glasses and lorgnettes remained fashionable throughout the 18th and into the early 19th century.

In the early 20th century, Moritz von Rohr at Zeiss (with the assistance of H. Boegehold and A. Sonnefeld, developed the Zeiss Punktal£ spherical point-focus lenses that dominated the eyeglass lens field for many years.

Despite the increasing popularity of contact lenses and laser corrective eye surgery, glasses remain very common and their technology has not stood still.

For instance, it is now possible to purchase frames made of special memory metal alloys that return to their correct shape after being bent.

Other frames have spring-loaded hinges.

Either of these designs offers dramatically better ability to withstand the stresses of daily wear and the occasional accident.

Modern frames are also often made from strong, light-weight materials such as titanium alloys, which were not available in earlier times.

Paypal and all major credit and debit cards accepted



 



Reading Glasses

Reading Glasses

Reading Glasses

  • Long-sightedness [ Presbyopia ] ( is derived from the Greek word "presbys" (πρέσβυς), meaning "old person").
  • As we get older, many of us notice that in situations where a quick glance at print was all we once needed to read, suddenly becomes a struggle.
  • We find we need more light to read, and fatigue and headaches soon follow.
  • Often a little magnification is all that is needed.
  • See print clearer.
  • Reduce fatigue headaches.
  • Because we know how important near vision is to you we offer a good selection of reading glasses in our online store.
  • If you should have any questions just remember we are simply a call or email away and are happy to assist you.
  • We provide a great range of optical quality ready-made reading glasses in lens powers from +1.0 dioptre up to +4.0 dioptre, and will make readers from +0.50 dioptre to +4.00 dioptre in +0.25 increments, in any of our spectacle frames.
  • Our reading eyeglasses are very competitively priced, many with spring tensioned sides for added comfort, all have been selected to cater for the most discerning of customers.
  • Sun-reading glasses function as both reading glasses and sunglasses in one.
  • They are a means of aiding near vision as we approach middle age.
  • We are not fully aware of the exact reasons for Presbyopia as yet, but, research most strongly supports a loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens, although loss of power of the ciliary muscles (the muscles that bend and straighten the lens) and changes in the lens's curvature from continual growth have also been postulated as its cause.
  • Our sun-readers are designed for reading newspapers and books outdoors in conditions of bright sunlight.
  • We also supply Sun Reacting reading glasses, our full rimmed reacting readers are fitted with 1.56 mid index photochromic lenses, whilst rimless and semi-rimless models are fitted with Transitions lenses.
  • All prescription frames sold on our website can be fitted with ready reader lenses up to + 4.00 dioptre's sphere without any need for an eyetest or prescription.


Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)

  • Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) often happens to computer users when they spend more than two hours on a computer per day.
  • Symptoms include headaches, dry eyes, focusing difficulties, tired/burning eyes, blurred/double vision and neck strain.
  • Our eyes respond best to solid black printed letters with clearly defined edges on a white background. CVS occurs when the eye looks at characters on a computer screen.
  • Computer characters are different to those printed on paper in that each character is brightest at it’s centre with diminishing intensity toward its edge. This intensity drop makes our eyes drift from a sustained screen focus to a focus behind the screen, hence, there is continuous involuntarily movement of our focus to a point behind the screen causing muscular strain whilst trying to regain focus back on the screen.

Designer Reading Glasses - Reading Sunglasses - Folding Readers - Frameless Rimless - Tinted Ready Specs - Fashion Eyeglasses - Sun Reacting Ready Spex - Presbyopia - Half lens reading glasses - Transitions



Trifocals

Trifocals

Trifocals

Trifocals

  • Are eyeglasses whose corrective lenses each contain regions with three distinct optical powers.
  • Trifocals are most commonly prescribed to people with presbyopia who also require a correction for myopia, hypermetropia, and/or astigmatism.
  • Today most Trifocals are created by molding or fusing a reading and intermediate segment into a primary lens and are available with the reading segments in only a small variety of shapes and sizes.
  • The most popular is the 28 mm flat-top Trifocal.


Varifocal Lenses Online

Varifocal Lenses Online

Varifocal Lenses Online

The first varifocals to be produced were branded Varilux and Varilux and Varifocals have become synonymous

A varifocal lens corrects vision at various focal lengths - near, far and intermediate.

However, it is important to remember that not every varifocal is actually a Varilux lens.

There are a host of different brands and designs available today.

In general you expect to pay a higher price to acheive lower peripheral distortion.

All our a varifocal lenses are covered by a 30 day adaptation guarantee which means we will replace the lens with another type of lens in the very unlikely event that you are unhappy with your varifocal lenses.

When ordering varifocals we need to know the pupillary distance "Pd" measurement and the height of your pupils within your selected frame, this can be obtained by uploading your calibrated image and trying on your selected frame in our click and measure virtual mirror.

Freeform Varifocal Designs

Surface Power Calculated

This is the basic level of technology that only considers a fixed, non-tilted lens, tangential rays.

This method is based on a pure geometrical conception of the lens; mixing curved surfaces the lens will provide final wearers with the power that will correct their ametropy in a central gaze direction. Nevertheless, this technology does not take into account any customization, and as a result, the final lens is not optimized for each wearer.

The Power and Addition are what we call Nominal.

These kinds of designs are basic designs, and are very good for most wearers, and offer very good adaption.

Digital Raypath

Conventional lens designs suffer from distortion when an image is viewed from an oblique direction.

As the eye rotates towards the peripheries of the spectacle lens this distortion is most noticeable.

Digital Raypath technology allows us to design a lens that gives us optimal power in every gaze direction.

The lens power, frame size, face wrap angle, distance from pupil to lens surface ( BVD ) and pantoscopic tilt can all be factored into the design.

This type of designs represents the highest optical quality and advanced technology of the market.
Lenses produced with this technology are top quality products, with a complete personalization.



Kodak Varifocals

Kodak Varifocals

Kodak Varifocals

Kodak Unique Varifocal Lenses

  • Everyone is different.
  • Our face shapes vary from round to square and all other variables in between.
  • Our head sizes vary, our skin tones are different and hence there are thousands of frames to choose from, so that we can find the perfect one for each of us as an individual. Kodak Unique is a lens that offers that level of individuality.
  • The Kodak Unique Lens is an innovative digital varifocal lens designed to be as individual as you are.
  • Every pair of Kodak Unique Lenses is designed specifically for you, taking into account your prescription and frame choice resulting in a pair of spectacle lenses closely tailored to your visual requirements.
  • Unlike traditional varifocal lenses, the individual design of the Kodak Unique Lens means that a wider range of frames are open to you including many fashionable shallower frames.
  • The Kodak Unique Lens has been scientifically developed to minimise blurring or the 'swim' sensation associated with traditional varifocal lenses.
  • Your Kodak Unique lenses are designed using advanced Vision First Technology.
  • This and our state of the art manufacturing processes mean that your Kodak Unique lenses meet exacting standards of vision, individual to you.

Key Benifits

  • Digital surfacing for greater accuracy of prescription.
  • Rear surface design for wider field of view.
  • Variable corridor length for virtually unlimited frame choice.
  • Kodak Clean'n'Clear antireflection coated as standard.
  • Can be lazer engraved with patient initials if requested to

Kodak Precise Varifocal Lens

  • Kodak Precise is our premium conventional varifocal lens with a wide near zone for natural eye movement, a smooth transitional zone and clear distance zone.
  • Kodak Precise Lenses offer clear natural vision at all distances, scientifically developed using a revolutionary new mathematical process called Vision First Design.
  • Whichever way you look and at whatever distance, everything is sharp and with minimal distortion or blurring, similar to a single vision lens.
  • Kodak Precise Varifocal Lenses are great for driving, reading, watching television, working on the computer - anything in fact where fast, clear natural vision is required.
  • Nearly all Kodak Precise Lenses are supplied with RLX Plus®, as standard.

Key Benifits

  • Vision First Design for clarity at every point of gaze.
  • Smooth graduation of power for quick and easy adaption.
  • Good binocular balance for reduced 'swim' effect.
  • RLX Plus premium hard coat as standard.

Kodak Concise™ Varifocal Lenses

  • Kodak Concise is an enhanced varifocal lens designed specifically for modern shallow frames.
  • The compact design of the Kodak Concise Lens means that you are not limited to larger frame styles as with some other varifocal designs and still have great vision at all distances.
  • With a traditional varifocal lens, a minimum depth of frame is required to ensure that you can fit both the distance area and the reading area into the frame.
  • The Kodak Concise Lens is designed to fit into a shallow frame but still give you maximum reading area.
  • Nearly all Kodak Concise Lenses are supplied with RLX Plus®, the world's most scratch resistant plastic lens surface, as standard.

Key Benifits

  • Short corridor accomodates most frame shapes.
  • Wide reading area for easy adaption.
  • RLX Plus premium hard coat as standard.

Kodak PAL Varifocal Lenses

  • The Kodak PAL varifocal is a soft design progressive offering a distance area with reduced peripheral astigmatism and a very wide reading area.
  • The lens design results in easy patient adaption.
  • Not suitable for shallow frames.

Key Benifits

  • Soft design progressive for easy adaption.
  • Reduced peripheral astigmatism in distance area for greater visual comfort.
  • Wide reading area.

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Interchangeable lenses

Safety Sports Glasses

Interchangeable lenses

Removing and re-mounting lens shields

Interchangeable lens removal.

1. Holding the frame with one hand pull the lens from one side of frame rim, then repeat for other side.

2. Tilt the lower edge of the lens backwards slightly and lift from recessed nos hook.

3. Pull the entire lens free of the frame.

Remounting interchangeable lens.

1. Tilting lens lower edge backwards push centre of lens into recessed nose hook.

2. Push lens edge up into temple recess.

3. Repeat mounting step 2 to opposite edge to complete.

The Prescription insert is easily removeable and can be easily reglazed without the need to send the whole frame.



Transitions Drivewear

Transitions Drivewear

The human eye is a wonderfully designed instrument to collect visual information. Drivewear’s three different “stages” have all been designed to maximize the eye’s natural abilities in each of the different light conditions encountered both outside in direct light and behind the windshield of a car.

DriveWear-3

Low Light / Overcast Conditions

High Contrast Green / Yellow Colour

Designed to maximize useful light information reaching the eye.

POLARIZED to remove glare that would otherwise destroy vision in low light conditions.

DriveWear-2

Behind the Windscreen
Daylight / Driving Conditions

Copper Color

Designed to remove excess light and to provide good traffic signal recognition; highlighting the reds and greens.

POLARIZED to remove glare for safe driving vision.

DriveWear-1

Bright Light / Outside Conditions

Dark Reddish Brown Color

Designed for maximum filtration of excess light so that the eye does not get saturated.

POLARIZED to provide maximum comfort in highlight conditions.



Injection moulded frames

Injection moulded frames

Injection moulded frames often have tiny imperfections such as dust spots or tiny bubbles. This does not detract from their looks and can usually only be seen on careful inspection.



Acetate

Acetate

Acetate is widely available in two main forms.

Solid or Layered Acetate

  • Is made from slabs of material ranging in thicknesses
  • Colours show little fading over time.
  • Holds it's shape well.
  • When thin slabs of differing colours are fused together in layers exciting colour combinations and effects are possible.

Injection Moulded Acetate

  • Surface dyed to limitless combinations.
  • Inexpensive mass produced frames.
  • Often has a lacquered finish
  • The downside is the moulding process often leaves small imperfections in the product surface.


TR90 Plastic

TR90 Plastic

TR90 Is a polyamide type plastic commonly used in modern spectacle frame designs it's strengths are:
  • Tr90 is highly flexible with super strength, it can be bent to extremes without breaking.
  • Super tough at extreme tremperatures.
  • Super light weight due to it's low density.
  • Can be produced in seemingly limless range of colours and finishes.


CP Cellulose Propionate

CP Cellulose Propionate

Cellulose Propionate (cellulose acetate-propionate)
 
This is a thermoplastic material:
  • It is injection moulded.
  • It offers greater stability than acetate and is much more resistant to warping and fading than acetate, so it ages far slower.
  • It is less allergenic than acetate.
  • Propionate has a density of 1.21 and a lower specific gravity than acetate, usually offering around a 6% reduction in weight in comparison.
  • When this is coupled with the thinner frame designs that are available due to the higher tensile strength of propionate, a saving of 25% to 30% of the weight is often achieved.
  • Adjustment and reshaping should take place at a temperature around of 67°C. It is often referred to as a ‘cold glaze.


Nylon Polyamide

Nylon Polyamide

Nylon (polyamide)
 
This thermoplastic material is mainly used in the production of sun-spectacles and industrial safety spectacles. The main production is by injection moulding.
The material has good tensile strength and pliability.


Metals

Metals

A wide variety of metals are used in the production of spectacle frames.



Monel

Monel

Monel
 
Monel usually comprises of around 70% nickel, 15% copper, 10% iron and 5% magnesium. It is sturdy, robust, easy to adjust and easy to solder.
A first impression, it seems a great spectacle frame material. However, a high proportion of population are allergic to nickel to some degree.
Monel is a relatively inexpensive material to work with and we can use electroplating and a vast range of coloured lacquers to protect against the unwanted nickel effects to a limited degree.


Nickel Silver

Nickel Silver

Nickel Silver
 
Also known as German silver, has absolutely no silver in it and in fact has less nickel than monel.
Nickel silver is a silvery white material which is an alloy of around 60% copper, 20% nickel, 5% magnesium, 10% zinc and 5% proprietry.
It is relatively inexpensive but allergic reaction is commonplace.


Stainless Steel

Stainless Steel

Stainless Steel is one of the most common metals used in spectacle frames today due to these super properties:

  • Springy and very flexible.
  • Very lightweight, and ideal for rimless frames.
  • Resists corrosion.
  • Is impervious to perspiration acid.
  • Can be lacquered to produce a vast array of coloured affects.


Titanium

Titanium

Titanium

This metal is extremely strong, with excellent flexibility which makes it virtually unbreakable, It is at its weakest at it's welded joints.
It is naturally a silver grey colour, but plating using an ion plating technique may allow various colours.
The material is naturally hypoallergenic, corrosion resistant and perspiration acid resistant.
It is up to ten times more resistant to atmospheric and abrasion attack than gold plate, and up to four times more resistant than pure gold.


A frame can be made quite thin in comparison to comparative materials due to a 20% greater elasticity. In pure form it is 50% lighter than nickel. This means that, like for like, there can be a considerable reduction in the weight of the frame.
However, when thinner frames are produced exploiting the greater tensile strength of titanium, then much greater weight reductions should be found.


The downside of titanium is that it cannot be soldered. The construction of the frame is generally done by laser spot welding that is computer controlled, hence the accuracy and neatness of the construction.



Tidirium

Tidirium

Tidirium

A super-lightweight material -35% lighter than titanium

  • Is completely nickel free, including the coloring.
  • This material is completely casted so has no solder or weld weak points.
  • Is a safe material especially for patients with a nickel allergy.
  • Hi - Ni 21 KGP






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